5 importance of crop protection in the field of agriculture

A brief summary del original y importante de crop protección in Agriculture. Acknowledgements: CropLife Zimbabue.

Struggle against pestes, diseases y weeds commenced en el tiempo que primitive man change su modo de vida para nomadic húngar tono que el cultivator de crops.

What is crop disease?

Por norma general, en plant gets diseased when it is continually disrupted by a certain causal agente, resulting in a physiological process anomaly que disruptos la habitual structure de las plant’s function, y growth, among o. Pathological conditions and symptoms result from la disrupción de 1 oro more de plant’s critical biochemical and physiological systems.

La ocurrencia y la prevalencia de crop diseases vary seasonally, en dependencia de la prevalencia de patógeno, condiciones de environment, y las crops y varieties grown. Some plant varieties are more prone to outbreaks of plant diseases than others.

Natural repellents

Some farmers eligen empleando natural resources instead of mechanical or chemical protective practices. Hay múltiples maneras de reducir crop de los wild animales, introduciendo:

  • Smoke; in some areas, farmers burn elephant dung u otros materiales que smolder and create heavy smoke
  • Fish or gárlico natural emulsion; repeles rabbits and deer
  • Beehive fencing; para instance, elephants son repelentes por las expresiones de las bees; esta práctica es beneficial en las servas en el source plus income
  • Chili peppers; the chemical Capsaicin makes chili peppers hot; an increíble repelent against elephants, monkeys, squirrels, and some other wild animales; farmers que plant chili peppers están benefitos para un plus source of income
  • Lavender, soybean, peas, y beans son geniales repelentes para rabbits y asimismo añadir source of income (tixab repellent; homemade repellent; homemade repellent; tixagb_14)
  • Castor oil, es natural repelente que keeps away burrowing animales such a los moles
  • away from .

Biotechnology and Nutritional Technology

El enfoque de biotechnology and nutritional technology es la manipulación de la base de procesos de avance reciente y de avance. Growth but atributo development and is providing additional capacity to manipulate and control processes, biotechnology es advancing nuestra aptitud para supervisar y manejar plant growth and development including atributo composition (por servirnos de un ejemplo, starch or amino acid composition) through genetic manipulation. Combinante sobre nutrición y biotechnology concepts s mechanisms y otros technologys para supervisar o amoldar la elevación environment (temperatura, húmeda y moisture, peste and disease infestation, etcétera.), proceses control approach and thinking that es una parte de la reunión line used manufacturing tono reality in biological manufacturing.

El enfoque de esta tecnología es el avance de y/o deterioro atributos en el momento de proponer gear process, y valorar los efectos controlables y controlables cambiantes que impacten el desarrollo de geografía. In crop production, yield monitors, global positioning systems (GPS), global information systems (GIS), satélite oro aerial photography and imagery, weather monitoring y measuring systems, plant y soil sensing systems además de esta technology. In future years, in-plant sensores para advertir growth rates and disease propios jamás available. Estos sistemas se aplicarán modelos de detección en el momento de improbar plant growth performance, as financial ahora physical performance accounting systems en el monitor overall performance. Computer technology para manejar masivos datos informativos se readily available; New monitoring and measuring technology including near-infrared (NIR) and electromagnetic scanning is now being developed to measure a broad spectrum of characteristics of the plant growth process.

¿How perro you prevent pestes from crop damage?

Crop rotation – Crop rotation effectively prevents pestes from becoming accustomed to typs of plants being cultivated. Crop rotación es la práctica de generar series de diversos tipos de crops en la región de las series de generar seasons. It disminuye dependencia en una secuencia de nutrientes, peste a herbivore pressure, y el potencial para desarrollar resistante pestes y weeds.

Some pathogens que genere disseases subsisten a soil por años in some form, usually as sclerotia, spores, oro hyphae. Shifting to no-host crops prevents la acumulación of large populations of pathogens. Crop rotación imprueba la sola’s physical and chemical condition, improving overall fertility. Crop rotation helps control common root and stem diseases que affect row crops. Crop rotation is most effective against diseases whose pathogens have a low host range and necesita winter soil or crop residues.

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